wiki:Public/User_Guide/Filesystems

File Systems

Available file systems

On the DEEP-EST system, three different groups of file systems are available:

  • the DEEP-EST parallel BeeGFS file systems, available on all the nodes of the DEEP-EST system;
  • the file systems local to each node.

The users home folders are placed on the shared GPFS file systems. With the advent of the new user model at JSC (JUMO), the shared file systems are structured as follows:

  • $HOME: each JSC user has a folder under /p/home/jusers/, in which different home folders are available, one per system he/she has access to. These home folders have a low space quota and are reserved for configuration files, ssh keys, etc.
  • $PROJECT: In JUMO, data and computational resources are assigned to projects: users can request access to a project and use the resources associated to it. As a consequence, each user can create folders within each of the projects he/she is part of (with either personal or permissions to share with other project members). For the DEEP project, the project folder is located under /p/project/cdeep/. Here is where the user should place data, and where the old files generated in the home folder before the JUMO transition can be found.

The DEEP-EST system doesn't mount the $SCRATCH file systems from GPFS, as it is expected to provide similar functionalities with its own parallel and local file systems.

The deepv login node exposes the same file systems as the compute nodes, but it lacks a local scratch file system. Since /tmp is very limited in size on deepv please use $SCRATCH instead (pointing to the project folder) or use e.g. the /pmem/scratch on the dp-dam partition $LOCALSCRATCH on any other compute node when performing SW installation activities. A quota has been introduced for /tmp on deepv to avoid clogging of this filesystem on the login node which will lead to several issues. Additionally, files in /dev/shm, /tmp and /var/tmp older than 7 days will be removed regularly '''

The following table summarizes the characteristics of the file systems available in the DEEP-EST and DEEP-ER (SDV) systems. Please beware that the $project (all lowercase) variable used in the table only represents any JuDoor project the user might have access to, and that it is not really exported on the system environment. For a list of all projects a user belongs to, please refer to the user's JuDoor page. Alternatively, users can check the projects they are part of with the jutil application:

$ jutil user projects -o columns
Mount Point User can write/read to/from Cluster Type Global / Local SW Version Stripe Pattern Details Maximum Measured Performance
(see footnotes)
Description Other
/p/home /p/home/jusers/$USER SDV, DEEP-EST GPFS exported via NFS Global JUST GPFS Home directory;
used only for configuration files.
/p/project /p/project/$project SDV, DEEP-EST GPFS exported via NFS Global JUST GPFS Project directory;
GPFS main storage file system;
not suitable for performance relevant applications or benchmarking
/arch /arch/$project login node only (deepv) GPFS exported via NFS Global JUST GPFS Archive directory;
Long-term storage solution for data not used in a long time;
Data migrated to tape - not intended for lots of small files. Recovery can take days.
If you plan to transfer data to / from the archive e.g. to the project folder, please consider using JUDAC instead of working on deepv in order to help avoiding congestion on the DEEP ↔ Just connection. Get in contact to the system administrators (e.g. via the support mailing list) if you need assistance with archiving your data.
/arch2 /arch2/$project login node only (deepv) GPFS exported via NFS Global JUST GPFS Archive directory;
Long-term storage solution for data not used in a long time;
Data migrated to tape - not intended for lots of small files. Recovery can take days.
If you plan to transfer data to / from the archive e.g. to the project folder, please consider using JUDAC instead of working on deepv in order to help avoiding congestion on the DEEP ↔ Just connection. Get in contact to the system administrators (e.g. via the support mailing list) if you need assistance with archiving your data.
/afsm /afsm DEEP-EST BeeGFS Global BeeGFS 7.2.5 Fast work file system, no backup, hence not meant for permanent data storage
/work_old /work_old/$project DEEP-EST BeeGFS Global BeeGFS 7.2.5 Work file system, no backup, hence not meant for permanent data storage. Deprecated
/scratch /scratch DEEP-EST xfs local partition Local* Node local scratch file system for temporary data. Will be cleaned up after job finishes. Size differs on the modules|| *Recommended to use instead of /tmp for storing temporary files
/nvme/scratch /nvme/scratch DAM partition local SSD (xfs) Local* Scratch file system for temporary data. Will be cleaned up after job finishes|| *1.5 TB Intel Optane SSD Data Center (DC) P4800X (NVMe PCIe3 x4, 2.5”, 3D XPoint))
/nvme/scratch2 /nvme/scratch2 DAM partition local SSD (ext4) Local* Scratch file system for temporary data. Will be cleaned up after job finishes|| *1.5 TB Intel Optane SSD Data Center (DC) P4800X (NVMe PCIe3 x4, 2.5”, 3D XPoint))
/pmem/scratch /pmem/scratch DAM partition DCPMM in appdirect mode Local* 2.2 GB/s simple dd test in dp-dam01 *3 TB in dp-dam[01,02], 2 TB in dp-dam[03-16] Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory (DCPMM) 256GB DIMMs based on Intel’s 3D XPoint non-volatile memory technology

Notes

  • dd test @dp-dam01 of the DCPMM in appdirect mode:
[root@dp-dam01 scratch]# dd if=/dev/zero of=./delme bs=4M count=1024 conv=sync
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
4294967296 bytes (4.3 GB) copied, 1.94668 s, 2.2 GB/s
  • The /work file system which is available in the DEEP-EST prototype, is as well reachable from the nodes in the SDV (including KNLs and ml-gpu nodes) but through a slower connection of 1 Gb/s. The file system is therefore not suitable for benchmarking or I/O task intensive jobs from those nodes
  • For moving data between /p/* and /arch, please use JUDAC instead of performing these actions on the login node (deepv). This helps avoiding congestion on the Just connection:
    ssh -l <username> judac
    mv /p/... /arch/...
    
Last modified 7 weeks ago Last modified on Oct 13, 2022, 2:06:17 PM